Monday, May 7, 2012

Tattoo History (The Royal Tattoo History)

The lore of tattooing knows no bound. Throughout history, many western monarchs have been tattooed. Today, pop stars and professional athletes are covered in tattoos and often show them off to the cameras for all to see. Let’s look at a few historical, famous patrons who paved the way for social acceptance of the art.
  •     King Frederick IX of Denmark (1899–1972). King Frederick was the King of Denmark from 1947 to 1972. As a sailor, King Frederick was heavily tattooed and thus reinforced the tradition of sailors having tattoos and Nyhavn, Copenhagen as a hot spot for getting them.
  •      The Great Omi (1892–1969). The great Omi was a British army officer before becoming one of the world’s most famous “Barbaric Beauties.”
  •      King George V (1865–1936). In 1882, when King George was still a duke, he was tattooed by Hori Chyo.
Tattoo History
The art of inserting ink under the skin with sharp equipment and is very common among almost all cultures. This is called Tattooing.
Tattoos have been revealed on mummified bodies that have been found to be thousands of years old. From the ancient Egyptian artifacts to the current modern times, tattoos have come a long way.
This ancient form of art called tattooing has now become a distinct style.
What we call  “tattoo” is actually a derivative of the Polynesian word “Tatao”. “Tatao” definition is “to tap,” and it describes the technique by which sharp spines loaded with color were tapped into the skin to make tribal designs.
The Captain James Cook, was the first white explorer to visit the Polynesian Islands.  He brought the word back to Europe, and along with that, he brought back some examples of the tribal art on the arms and chest of the sailors that were with him.
The word tattoo is said to has two major derivations- from the polynesian word ‘ta’ which means striking something and the tahitian word ‘tatau’ which means ‘to mark something’.
The history of tattoo began over 5000 years ago and is as diverse as the people who wear them.
Tattoos are created by inserting colored materials beneath the skins surface. the first tattoos probably were created by accident. someone had a small wound, and rubbed it with a hand that was dirty with soot and ashes from the fire. once the wound had healed, they saw that a mark stayed permanently.
Despite the social sciences' growing fascination with tattooing, and the immense popularity of tattoos themselves, the practice has not left much of a historical record.
Bronze age
In 1991, a five thousand year old tattooed man ‘├Âtzi the ice man’ made the headlines of newspapers all over the world when his frozen body was discovered on a mountain between
austria and italy. This is the best preserved corpse of that period ever found. The skin bears 57 tattoos: a cross on the inside of the left knee, six straight lines 15 centimeters long above the kidneys and numerous parallel lines on the ankles. The position of the tattoo marks suggests that they were probably applied for therapeutic reasons (treatment of arthritis).
Pazyryk culture
In 1948, 120 miles north of the border between russia and china, russian archeologist sergei rudenko began excavating a group of tombs, or kurgans, in the high altai mountains of western and southern siberia. mummies were found that date from around 2400 years ago. The tattoos on their bodies represent a variety of animals. The griffins and monsters are thought to have a magical significance but some elements are believed to be purely decorative. altogether the tattoos are believed to reflect the status of the individual.